In this week’s prayer email:
- Time for Creation: Hope in God’s Mercy
- Syria, Malaria, Vaccines
Time for Creation: Hope in God’s Mercy
The realities of sin – and sin’s consequences – open each of this week’s Revised Common Lectionary readings. They’re present in our lives, too, in ways both large and small. Time for Creation offers a space for honest assessment about this. In the context of our call to care for neighbours and planet, we can ask: what are we worshiping that isn’t God? Where have we followed our own wishes instead of Christ’s commandments? What words of truth are we trying to avoid because they threaten our comfort and our status?
It can be helpful, sometimes, to do an audit, even of just one aspect of our lives, to confront ourselves with the reality of what we’re doing, and its potential impact. For example, to celebrate Zero Waste Week, I (Maranda) did an audit of our household food waste. Beforehand, I would have told you that we’re doing pretty well – but it turns out we’re not. I’m careless – it’s not that I mean to waste things, but I don’t make ensuring that everything gets used enough of a priority. And that carelessness has consequences: while any individual’s or family’s waste is a small-scale thing, combined with everybody else’s, it adds up (UK, International)
I might have looked instead at the carbon impact of our food … or use of energy … or money. Whichever I chose – and considering each wouldn’t be a bad place to start for the period! – there would be things to repent of, and to ask God for help in changing.
The key thing is asking God for forgiveness and help to change. It’s something we can do with confidence that God will respond, because the message of this week’s readings is that our sin is not the end of the story: God’s redemptive power is. Moses invokes God’s mercy, and while God punishes, God also continues to guide and cherish the people of Israel – and does so again and again even when they disobey. Christ calls Saul and turns the scourge of the church into the most compelling of apostles. It’s all evidence of what Jesus tells us in the Gospel: when we stray, God seeks us out, searches after us, and rejoices in bringing us home.
- that each of us will take the time to consider our life choices and how they could be changed to protect our neighbours and our planet
- that this reconsideration will be based in a commitment to focus on Christ and Christ’s will for our lives, reading Scripture, experiencing creation, and listening in all things for God’s voice
- that Christian communities across the world can support each other in such honest evaluation and work together for positive change
- that during the forthcoming Speak Up Week of Action (on climate change) we can ask our government for policies that will support action for positive change.
This week’s Time for Creation suggestions:
1. Take the time to consider some aspect of your lifestyle. Write down where things stand, ask God for forgiveness where things aren’t good, and ask for help to change. If you’d like some help with the evaluation, there are suggestions for a food audit here and tips on how to reduce food waste here and here (some may seem obvious, others less so), suggestions on auditing (here and here) and reducing (here and here) the carbon footprint of your food, suggestions on auditing and saving energy, and some interesting reports and websites on using investments (pension funds, bank accounts, etc) to care for creation (Share Action, Bright Now, Ceres). Or do a broader audit – try the Eco-Church survey for your church or a carbon/environmental footprint calculator (Carbon Independent, WWF, Living Witness) for yourself.
2. Commit to contacting your MP during the Speak Up Week of Action on climate change (8 to 16 October). Some ideas for what you can say and do are here.
Syria, Malaria, Vaccines
The US and Russia this week agreed a plan that, according to Secretary of State John Kerry, they “hope will reduce violence, ease suffering and resume movement toward a negotiated peace and a political transition in Syria.”
Russia has stated that the plan has the backing of the Assad government, of which Russia is a chief supporter. A prominent member of the opposition party, the Syrian National Coalition, apparently supports the move and a leading member of the Syrian High Negotiations Committee, which represents the opposition in Geneva and just launched its own proposals for a political transition, expressed the hope that the agreement would end civilian suffering. Former Syrian Prime Minister Riyad Hijab, leader of the Syrian High Negotiations Committee, however, has been deeply critical.
The basic elements of the plan include a Cessation of Hostilities agreement to begin this Monday evening for two days and to be extended if successful; plans to improve humanitarian access; the creation of a demilitarised zone in Aleppo; a commitment by the Assad government not to undertake air strikes in certain areas; and a commitment by the US and Russian governments to share information and responsibility for strikes targeting the Islamic State and Jabhat al-Nusra (recently renamed Jabhat Fatah al-Sham), a jihadist group with historic – and possibly current – links to al-Qaeda.
Given the current humanitarian and refugee crises created by the war, there is a general desire to hope that the agreement succeeds in its stated aims. But there are many potential obstacles to its implementation and many questions about its nature (see below), especially given the Syrian conflict’s complexity, the issues surrounding the joint Russian/US military operations and the Syrian government’s compliance with restraints on its operations, and the competing agendas involved.
- that new developments may help to improve the situation. Pray particularly that the cessation of hostilities will be genuine.
- for humanitarian workers who will be attempting to help deeply traumatised populations during the cessation of hostilities
- that the people of Syria – both those still in the country and the massive diaspora caused by the years of fighting – may experience peace, security and justice. Pray for healing of mental trauma as well as physical wounds.
- for an end to the destabilising impact of this conflict throughout – and beyond – the region
- for safety and security for Christians and other minorities in the region, who are often at high risk both within their home areas and as refugees
Read more. Responses and analysis from: Daily Star (Lebanon); Al Araby; Gulf Times (Qatar); New York Times; Haaretz; Russia Today; Financial Times, reporting on agreement and rebel perspective; BBC; Le Monde; Daily Beast; Kenan Rahmani; Anne Barnard; Hassan Hassan; Harry Hagopian;
On September 5th, the World Health Organization (WHO) certified Sri Lanka as malaria-free. It’s a remarkable accomplishment given Sri Lanka’s history: a 1934-35 epidemic in the country involved more than 5 million reported cases, and even in the 1980s and 1990s cases were in the hundreds of thousands.
“This is testament to the courage and vision of [Sri Lanka’s] leaders, and signifies the great leaps that can be made when targeted action is taken. It also demonstrates the importance of grass-roots community engagement and a whole-of-society approach when it comes to making dramatic public health gains,” said WHO Regional Director, Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh.
Sri Lanka’s strategy was to muster a wide range of tools – from excellent monitoring via live web-based case surveillance to education campaigns focused on groups at high risk to mobile clinics in high-transmission areas – and to focus its attention not only on targeting the mosquitoes that spread the disease but also on targeting the parasite itself. The government’s mobile clinics tested widely, including people without malaria symptoms, to find those who were asymptomatic but carrying the parasite. Treating these people removed ‘reserves’ of the parasite and reduced the risk of infection for others.
Their success is not only good news for Sri Lanka’s population but also for others: Indian papers (Deccan Chronicle, The Hindu, Hindustan Times, etc), for example, were quick to take note of what India might learn from the Sri Lankan experience. Others will also have been watching.
- give thanks for the success Sri Lanka has had in eliminating malaria
- pray that Sri Lanka’s success will inspire others
- pray for wisdom and inspiration for those leading the research and campaigning against malaria, and for adequate resources to sustain and support their work
- pray for all affected by malaria
This year’s UK round of the Dyson Prize was won by Will Broadway, a 22-year-old graduate of Loughborough University’s Design School, who, as part of his final year project, created a portable off-grid vaccine cooling system for vaccine delivery. Current modes of delivering vaccines can reduce their efficacy by freezing the vaccine or permitting fluctuations in temperature. Broadway’s design uses a simple chemical process to keep temperatures stable at the desired level for up to six days.
The impetus for Broadway’s work came from his pre-university travels in countries such as Cambodia and Vietnam, where he saw some of the challenges involved in distributing vaccines. It’s estimated that improving the global vaccine delivery system overall could save 1.5 million lives – so the potential impact of this system, which could be part of such improvements, is significant. Significantly, Broadway doesn’t want to make money from his invention; instead, he wants the technology to be freely available: “I make things every day for people who have everything,” Broadway said: “I wanted to make something for people who have next to nothing. It should be a basic human right, in my opinion, to have a vaccination. I don’t think that it should be patented to restrict use.”
- give thanks for the invention of this system and pray that it and other innovations may be effective in increasing the number of people who receive life-saving vaccines
- give thanks for Broadway’s combination of compassion, innovation, intellect, and commitment to the good of others. Pray that other people with such gifts will be able likewise to use them for the greater good
- give thanks for the education systems that provide frameworks within which such projects can develop
- pray for all people who currently need – but do not have access to – vaccines. Pray for the success of the WHO’s current emergency yellow fever vaccine campaign in Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo, and for all affected by the outbreak of yellow fever in those countries.
On 28 July, the new Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy released its energy statistics for 2015. These showed a general increase in energy produced and consumed. Within the power generation sector, there was an attention-grabbing figure, a major increase – 29% year on year – in the proportion of electricity generated from renewables. All told, renewables fuelled 24.6% of electricity generation, with gas providing 30%, coal 22%, nuclear 21%, and other fuels 2.8%.
Also on Thursday, EDF, the largely state-owned French energy company that is the primary partner in the Hinkley Point C nuclear power plant agreed to go ahead with the project. This had not been a foregone conclusion: a substantial portion of the board, the unions, ratings agencies, and many in the French press had argued against it (Fr, En) on the grounds that the technology is untested and that the already heavily-indebted company could ill afford to take on such a high-expense, high-risk project
On Friday – at the point where the marquees were already up for the Hinkley contract signing (though it has emerged that Theresa May had earlier told Francois Hollande of her decision) – the Government placed the project under review, promising a final decision in the Autumn.
Why might the Government have taken this decision?
One factor appears to have been national security concerns around Chinese firms’ role: Theresa May’s influential new Chief of Staff, Nick Timothy, had argued last year that handing over major energy infrastructure projects to Chinese firms could constitute a national security risk, and May is said to have raised this as an issue.
One factor may have related to financial concerns with the contract. A National Audit Office report released a few weeks ago estimated that over the thirty-five year period of the contract (which is much longer than is usual), British taxpayers would wind up paying almost £30 billion to EDF in top-up costs, as the index-linked energy price the contract guarantees EDF is much higher than the current (and projected) wholesale energy costs.* While there are differences on the calculations based on different people’s estimates of future wholesale costs, concerns that the energy would be expensive and that the burden would fall on the taxpayer are widely acknowledged (including in France!). The NAO report also flagged up further potential costs to the public, due to debt guarantees offered by the government.
Another factor in the Government decision may have been concerns about whether the project would deliver: no project using the proposed technology is operational, none shows signs of coming in on time or on budget, and the contract as written actually allows for slippage four years beyond when the UK needs the plant to be online. Many have argued, moreover, that the nuclear technology involved is not the best for our purposes, and that if there is a need for nuclear plants, smaller units with a different technology would be better suited.
Still another factor may have been the awareness that the costs of renewable technologies are falling – in the NAO’s report, onshore wind and large solar installations both come in as cheaper options than nuclear. The potential for energy savings via creation of smarter grids, dispersed production and increases in energy efficiency are also significant. Investment in all these areas, which could enable the UK to meet its energy needs and its carbon commitments more cheaply, would potentially be squeezed out by the enormous Hinkley subsidies.
The numerous arguments that Hinkley Point C is not the best option for meeting the UK’s energy needs or climate commitments – combined with broad concerns about the safety of nuclear operations and the long-term storage of nuclear waste – mean that the Government’s decision has met with widespread approbation (Carbon Brief summary, Telegraph, Guardian letters, FT). And it’s interesting to think that the Government might be exploring the potential for new technologies and new models for generation, energy reduction, and grid management.
But there are outstanding questions. What other options might the government favour? Given the short timescale for replacing coal-fired plants (they’re due to retire in 2025), could ending the Hinkley plant actually lead to a greater emphasis on shale gas, with all the negative environmental and carbon implications involved? If Hinkley Point and gas aren’t the preferred options, what would be needed to mobilise resources quickly enough? And, given the UK’s recent history of sudden energy-policy changes – the changes to solar subsidies are estimated to have cost some 12,000 jobs and (with other changes) dented investor confidence severely – how can the government convince clean energy investors that they’ll have a stable environment in which to operate?
The recent passage of the Fifth Carbon Budget gives the UK ambitious carbon targets to work for – and the rapid transformation of renewable energy gives hope for meeting those in creative ways. Can we make the most of those opportunities?
During this period of review, could you write to your MP to express your concerns about Hinkley Point? If you’d like more information or a suggested text, email us – or take a look at this excellent Carbon Brief Q and A (it’s also mentioned in some of the links above).
*The NAO report shows that the prices guaranteed in the most recent auctions for some offshore wind programmes are actually higher than that guaranteed to EDF (£92.50 in 2012 pounds, index-linked) – though arguably if they had the longer contract time that Hinkley Point has, they’d be lower. By comparison onshore wind and solar PV auctions from 2015 – even with shorter time periods – show much lower prices of around £80 in 2015 pounds.
Prayers of Hope: A commitment to overcome AIDS
More than 18,000 people attended the 21st annual AIDS Conference, held in Durban from 18 to 22 July. The conference focused on the theme of equity access – ensuring that all people, including marginalised groups, are able to access prevention and treatment, and that there is enough funding to provide it.
In the opening press release, Chris Beyrer, the chair of the conference and President of the International AIDS Society, noted: “This conference comes at another crucial time in the HIV epidemic. To truly succeed in all places and for all people, we must ensure that every action we take is grounded in science, respects human rights, and is fully funded for success. If we don’t make the right strategic choices, we risk reversing hard-won gains. Delay is tantamount to defeat.”
What role can our churches play? Lyn van Rooyen, who directs the Christian AIDS Bureau for Southern Africa (CABSA), wrote:
“In the two day interfaith preconference – “Faith on the Fast Track”- it has become clear that the church has become weary and apathetic towards the epidemic. On Tuesday evening, 19th of July, people of faith will be meeting in the Emmanuel Cathedral in Durban to pray together about the epidemic and the role of faith communities. On this occasion we will be sharing a litany based on a recent faith leaders call to action. We would like to invite you to commit to this with us, and to share this in your faith communities when you meet together in the following weeks.”
The start of the litany Lyn wrote is below. If you would like the full prayer, please email us.
Media and Terrorism
The French newspaper Le Monde announced (article, original editorial) this week that, in addition to not carrying any content put out by the Islamic State, they would no longer carry pictures of the perpetrators of attacks “to avoid the potential effect of posthumous glorification.” It was joined by several other media outlets, including the newspaper La Croix.
The move inspired considerable debate in France – and also here (links well worth reading!) – not only about the particular question but more widely about the role of media coverage in relation to terrorist incidents. On the one hand people argued that surrounding people vulnerable to Islamic State propaganda with reproduced propaganda material and evidence of the impact of attacks was potentially counterproductive. This isn’t just intuitive: a study of incidents around the world suggested that sensational reporting of attacks can lead to a greater number of follow-up attacks, as can be the case with other forms of violence. Continuous reporting of every attack made by an individual, moreover, heightens the atmosphere of fear among the general public, which is precisely what terrorist organisations seek. On the other hand, some argued that in an age of social media, it was important for responsible media to offer detailed coverage in order to counter myth and rumour.
Please pray for wisdom for those called to make decisions about reporting terrorism. And pray for all of us. As Gillian Tett wrote: “These days, the war is not only being waged on the battlefield, or shopping malls and seaside parades; a second front has opened up in cyber space and inside our minds. And what makes this second — largely hidden — fight so insidious is that it involves all of us, sitting in our own homes in front of our computer screens or mobile phones.” What do we choose to watch? In a world where online journalism’s success is measured in clicks, what do we click on? Share? Retweet? Pray that we, as creators of social media and/or consumers of media in all its forms, may also show good judgement.
If anyone is interested, we don’t yet have a formal policy on this for our social media – but we are working to ensure that we don’t focus overly on Western terror attacks in our prayer points. We’re also taking seriously the New York Times’ call to focus more on those affected than on those who carry out attacks.
Short Notes: South African Elections, In Brief …
South African Elections
On the 3rd of August, South Africa is holding what has been called “the mother of all municipal elections”: in metro, district and local municipalities across the country, 63,654 candidates from 204 parties will seek office (handy guides to the process are available from the Independent and Independent Electoral Commission).
It’s a significant election politically, as some polls suggest the ruling African National Congress could lose control of several major metro areas. It’s also quite a complex and difficult election, with the IEC citing problems with registration, allegations of intimidation, election-related violence and intra-party conflict. Please pray for a free and fair election process, and an end to any incidences of intimidation, violence or fraud. Please pray also for wisdom and discernment for all voters and candidates – and for those who are elected to govern wisely and well.
In Brief …
- We hope to cover the rapidly changing situation in Zimbabwe in the near future, but in the meantime, please consider using these prayer points from 24/7 prayer
- South Sudan continues to need our prayers. Each week, CMS is providing some very helpful prayer points: find them here.
- Please pray for the inhabitants of the city of Aleppo – pray that those who wish to leave are able to do so and that humanitarian aid is able to reach those who cannot or do not wish to leave. Pray for all affected by the bombing of hospital facilities, and an end to such attacks.
- There has been a recurrence of violence in parts of the Central African Republic. Pray for peace throughout that country, for an end to the impunity that threatens peace, and for all who are working on healing and restoring hope to those who have suffered in the country’s conflict.
Hinkley Point B photograph by Reading Tom, Flickr, Creative Commons license.